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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition - Short version

Short version of the reference guide for APA 7th edition, a guide intended for students at the departments of Biology and Environmental Science at Lund University on how to format references according to the APA style.

Stand-alone works

Stand-alone works

The instructions in this section are valid for reprints of stand-alone visual works such as artwork, photographs and maps. For stand-alone visual works, you refer to the original visual art work itself in both the copyright attribution and in the reference list. The copyright attribution is written according to the instructions in this section. If you accessed the source online, include the URL of the website from which it was retrieved. 

From/Adapted from Title of work, by A. A. Creator, YYYY, Publisher (URL). Copyright status. Permission statement.


Examples of notes with copyright attributions

Note. Hand colored engraving of Papaver rhoeas from the 18th century. From Red poppy, by E. Blackwell, 1739, Lund University Library ( In the public domain.

Note. The study site is situated on sandy glaciofluvial deposits. Adapted from Jordarter 1:25 000 - 1:100 000, by the Geological Survey of Sweden, 2014 ( Copyright 2014 by SGU. Reprinted with permission. 

Note. The beach at Sea Ranch, California, is home to a number of seal species. From Seals, by I. McKellar, 2008,  Flickr ( CC BY-SA 2.0. 

Note. From Wild boar (Sus scrofa) with piglets digging up food in the soil with its snout in autumn forest in the Belgian Ardennes, Belgium, by J. De Meester, 2018, Britannica Image Quest ( Copyright 2018 by Arterra/Johan De Meester. Reprinted with permission.