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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, the text will open below the menu.

Publications from the European Commission

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NB! The APA (7th edition) manual does not contain any specific instructions on how to refer laws and regulations outside of the United States. The recommendation is instead to format the references according to guidelines in each country. The instructions under this section are our interpretation of how to apply APA (7th edition) to refer to publications from the European Commission.  

Many publications from the European Commission will have a group author instead of a personal author. If the publisher is the same as the group author, omit the publisher from the source element. If the publication is part of a series, the serial number is added in brackets after the title. If you accessed the publication online, include the URL of the website from which it was retrieved in the reference.

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including 

Template for how to format references to publications from the European Commission in the reference list

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (YYYY, Month DD). Title of report (Report #). Publisher. DOI or URL

Examples of in-text references to publications from the European Commission

The European Commission (2015) write in their action plan for the circular economy that... 

According to a report about EU’s climate transition from the European Commission (2022)...

In a report concerning life cycle impact assessments from the European Commission by Saouter et al. (2020)...

Examples of references to publications from the European Commission in the reference list

European Commission. (2015, December 2). Communication from the Commission to the European parliament, the Council, the European economic and social committee and the Committee of the regions: Closing the loop: An EU action plan for the circular economy (Report COM/2015/0614). https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52015DC0614 

European Commission. (2022, April 28). Shaping the EU’s climate transition: European citizens take the floor. Publications Office of the European Union. https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/55bf10bc-c762-11ec-b6f4-01aa75ed71a1/

Saouter, E., Biganzoli, F., Ceriani, L., Versteeg, D., Crenna, E., Zampori, L., Sala, S., & Pant, R. (2020, March 5). Environmental footprint: Update of life cycle impact assessment methods: Ecotoxicity freshwater, human toxicity cancer, and non-cancer (Report EUR 29495 EN). Publications Office of the European Union. https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/8c487174-5f58-11ea-b735-01aa75ed71a1/language-en