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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, the text will open below the menu.

Dissertations available only in print

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The instructions on this page concern references to doctoral dissertations that have not been published online. When a dissertation is available in print only, the name of the institution awarding the degree is given as the source.

NB! Most doctoral dissertations in Science are compilation theses, which consisting of several individual research papers. The papers in a compilation thesis are most often published as articles in scientific journals, before or after the dissertation is printed. If the research has been published as an article in a scientific journal, the published version should be used as the source.

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including 

Template for how to format references to dissertations available only in print in the reference list

Author, A. A. (YYYY). Title of dissertation [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Name of institution awarding the degree.

Examples of in-text references to dissertations available only in print

Parenthetical citation Narrative citation
(Lönn, 1994) Lönn (1994) found that...

Examples of references to dissertations available only in print in the reference list

Lönn, M. (1994). Genetic variation in plant populations and its relation to environmental and population parameters [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Uppsala University.