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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, please note that the text will open below the menu.



The instructions in this section concern references to stand-alone visual works such as artwork and photographs. Use this format to cite visual works, but not to reproduce them! To reproduce visual works, permission and/or a copyright attribution may be necessary in addition to the reference (see section Reprinted visual works). When citing parts of a larger work, such as figures (illustrations or graphs) from articles or books, the reference information on the specific part of the work cited is given in the in-text citation only (see instructions under Citing part of a work).  

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including how to write in-text references and construct a reference list, the number of authors to be included, how to write references to two or more works within the same parenthesis, what to do if you have several references with the same author and publication date, how you cite specific parts of works, how to handle incomplete reference information (e.g. missing author information or no publication date), and when/how to use acronyms.


Creator, A. A. (YYYY, Month DD). Title of work [Description]. Publisher. URL


In-text references  

(Blackwell, 1739)                        

(De Meester, 2018)

(McKellar, 2008)

(Rousseau, 1910)

Blackwells (1739) illustration...

De Meester (2018) photographed...

In a photograph by McKellar (2008)... illustrated in a painting by Rousseau (1910).

Reference list

Blackwell, E. (1739). Red poppy [Print]. Lund University Library.

De Meester, J. (2018, March 26). Wild boar (Sus scrofa) with piglets digging up food in the soil with its snout in autumn forest in the Belgian Ardennes, Belgium [Photograph]. Britannica Image Quest.

McKellar, I. (2008, June 23). Seals [Photograph]. Flickr.

Rousseau, H. (1910). Tropical forest with monkeys [Painting]. National Gallery of Arts.