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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, please note that the text will open below the menu.

Constructing a reference list

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The general rule for how to construct a reference list according to APA (7th edition) is that the references should be arranged in alphabetical order by the surname of the first author. If the same author is represented with more than one publication, arrange them in chronological order. One-author entries should precede multiple-author entries beginning with the same first author regardless of the publication date. If two entries with multiple authors have the same first author, the entries are ordered based on the second author and so on. Multiple-author entries in which all authors appear in the same order should be arranged by the year of publication.

Examples of references in the reference list

Chiara, V., Portugal, F. R., & Jeanson, R. (2019). Social intolerance is a consequence, not a cause, of dispersal in spiders. PLoS Biology, 17(7), Article e3000319. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000319

Herbertsson, L., Jönsson, A. M., Andersson, G. K. S., Seibel, K., Rundlöf, M., Ekroos, J., Stjernman, M., Olsson, O., & Smith, H. G. (2018). The impact of sown flower strips on plant reproductive success in Southern Sweden varies with landscape context. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment259, 127-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2018.03.006

Ljungberg, H. (2002a). Bete, störning och biologisk mångfald i odlingslandskapet: Hotade skalbaggar i öländska torrmarker [Grazing, disturbance and biodiversity: Threatened beetles in the drylands of Öland] (Meddelande No. 2002:20). Länsstyrelsen Kalmar län.

Ljungberg, H. (2002b). Våra rödlistade jordlöpares habitatkrav [Important habitats for red-listed ground beetles in Sweden]. Entomologisk tidskrift, 123(4), 167-185.

Lyytimäki, J. (2015). Avoiding overly bright future: The systems intelligence perspective on the management of light pollution. Environmental Development, 16, 4–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envdev.2015.06.009

Lyytimäki, J. (2018). Renewable energy in the news: Environmental, economic, policy and technology discussion of biogas. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 15, 65–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spc.2018.04.004

Lyytimäki, J., & Assmuth, T. (2015). Down with the flow: public debates shaping the risk framing of artificial groundwater recharge. GeoJournal80(1), 113-127. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10708-014-9540-3

Lyytimäki, J., Nygrén, N. A., Pulkka, A., & Rantala, S. (2018). Energy transition looming behind the headlines? Newspaper coverage of biogas production in Finland. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 8(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13705-018-0158-z

Maher C. T., Nelson C. R., Larson A. J. (in press). Winter damage is more important than summer temperature for maintaining the krummholz growth form above alpine treeline. Journal of Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13315

Paturi, U. M. R., Devarasetti, H., & Narala, S. K. R. (2018). Application of regression and artificial neural network analysis in modelling of surface roughness in hard turning of AISI 52100 Steel. Materials Today: Proceedings5(2), 4766–4777. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2017.12.050

Sutherland, W. J., Armstrong, D., Butchart, S. H. M., Earnhardt, J. M., Ewen, J., Jamieson, I., Jones, C. G., Lee, R., Newbery, P., Nichols, J. D., Parker, K. A., Sarrazin, F., Seddon, P. J., Shah, N., & Tatayah, V. (2010). Standards for documenting and monitoring bird reintroduction projects. Conservation Letters, 3(4), 229–235. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2010.00113.x

Sutherland, W. J., Clout, M., Cote, I. M., Daszak, P., Depledge, M. H., Fellman, L., Fleishman, E., Garthwaite, R., Gibbons, D. W., De Lurio, J., Impey, A. J., Lickorish, F., Lindenmayer, D., Madgwick, J., Margerison, C., Maynard, T., Peck, L. S., Pretty, J., Prior, S., … Watkinson, A. R. (2010). A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2010. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 25(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2009.10.003