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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, please note that the text will open below the menu.

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Some works may not have a personal author listed, and a group author (e.g. an organization, company or authority) may instead function as the author. If the group author is the same as the publisher, omit the publisher from the source element. If the work does not have any authors listed (neither personal nor group author), the title of the work takes the place of the author in the reference. If the title of the work is italicizes in the reference list, italicize the title in the in-text reference. If the title in not italicizes, use quotation marks around the title in the in-text citation.

Examples of in-text references

Parenthetical citation Narrative citation
(Naturvårdsverket, 2007)  Naturvårdsverket (2007) states that...
("Karyotype," 2015) According to the entry "Karyotype" (2015)...

Examples of references in the reference list

Karyotype. (2015). In M. Allaby (Ed.), A dictionary of ecology (5th ed.). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780191793158.001.0001

Naturvårdsverket. (2007). Tillsyn med framsyn: Naturvårdsverkets tillsynsvägledning 2007 – 2009 [Far-sighted monitoring: The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency's guidelines for how to conduct monitoring 2007 – 2009] (Report No. 5675). http://www.naturvardsverket.se/Documents/publikationer/620-5675-1.pdf