The instructions on this page concern references to authored books, i.e. books where all chapters have the same author(s).
If a DOI has been assigned to the book, include this number in the reference. If no DOI has been assigned and the book was accessed online from a nondatabase website, use the URL of the webpage from which it was retrieved. If the book was accessed in print or retrieved from an academic database, no URL is included.
Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (YYYY). Title of book (#th ed., Vol. #). Publisher. DOI or URL
|Parenthetical citation||Narrative citation|
|(Beletsky, 1996)||According to Beletsky (1996)...|
|(Fiscus & Fath, 2019)||Fiscus and Fath (2019) concluded...|
|(Townsend et al., 2008)||In a book by Townsend et al. (2008)...|
Beletsky, L. (1996). The red-winged blackbird: The biology of a strongly polygenous songbird. Academic press.
Fiscus, D. A., & Fath, B. D. (2019). Foundations for sustainability: A coherent framework of life-environment relations. Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/C2016-0-00343-1
Townsend, C. R., Begon, M., & Harper, J. L. (2008). Essentials of ecology (3rd ed.). Blackwell.