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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, the text will open below the menu.

EU directives

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NB! The APA (7th edition) manual does not contain any specific instructions on how to refer laws and regulations outside of the United States. The recommendation is instead to format the references according to guidelines in each country. The instructions under this section are our interpretation of how to apply APA (7th edition) to refer to EU directives.  

When citing EU directives, you should make it clear to the reader what type of document you are referring to by including either the title or a description of the document together with the in-text reference the first time you cite the source. If you accessed the directive online, include the URL of the website from which it was retrieved in the reference.

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including 

Template for how to format references to EU directives in the reference list

Directive YYYY:Number. Title. URL

Examples of in-text references to EU directives

In the EU directive The reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment (Directive 2019/904)... 

Examples of references to EU directives in the reference list

Directive 2019/904. The reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment. http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/2019/904/oj