The instructions in the following sections concern references to EU legislation and publications from the European Commission. The European Union publishes primary legislation and secondary legislation, such as directives and regulations.
NB! The APA (7th edition) manual does not contain any specific instructions on how to refer laws and regulations outside of the United States. The recommendation is instead to format the references according to guidelines in each country. According to Swedish legal practice, you use the official abbreviation for a legal document as your in-text reference and you do not provide a reference in the reference list. Please note that we have chosen to depart from this practice in our instructions by adding a reference in the reference list with information that will help the reader find the source, since the target audience of the texts produced at our departments are usually not legal practitioners. The instructions under this section are our recommendations for how you should refer to EU legislation.