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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, please note that the text will open below the menu.

Facebook and others

Facebook and others

The instructions in this section concern posts on social media such as Facebook, LinkedIn and other similar sites. You should only cite information from a social media post if it is the primary source for the said information. Do not cite a post on social media on information which is available in for example a research article. 

When citing posts on Facebook, LinkedIn and other similar sites, write your reference according to the template below. Some posts will have a group author, e.g. organization, company or authority, instead of a personal author. The group author may also have a username, in which case the username is given in brackets after the name of the group author. If a username only is available, state this name as the author.

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including how to write in-text references and construct a reference list, the number of authors to be included, how to write references to two or more works within the same parenthesis, what to do if you have several references with the same author and publication date, how you cite specific parts of works, how to handle incomplete reference information (e.g. missing author information or no publication date), and when/how to use acronyms.

Template

Author, A. A. (YYYY, Month DD). Content of the post up to the first 20 words [Description of audiovisuals] [Type of content]. Site name. URL

Name of Group [Username]. (YYYY, Month DD). Content of the post up to the first 20 words [Description of audiovisuals] [Type of content]. Site name. URL

Username. (YYYY, Month DD). Content of the post up to the first 20 words [Description of audiovisuals] [Type of content]. Site name. URL


Examples:

In-text references  

(Lövin, 2019)

(News from Science, 2018)

Lövin (2019) posted...

News from Science (2018) reports that...

Reference list

Lövin, I. (2019, December 20). Världen befinner sig i kris på så många plan. Att i det läget ge upp och sätta sig på läktaren [The world in in the middle of a crisis on so many levels. To give up and do nothing] [Image attached] [Status update]. Facebook. https://bit.ly/36Ea3BU

News from Science. (2018, June 26). These frogs walk instead of hop: https://scim.ag/2KlriwH [Video]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/ScienceNOW/videos/10155508587605108/