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Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, the text will open below the menu.

Web pages

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The instructions in this section concern references to web pages. This category is used only when the work has no parent or overarching publication other than the website itself. NB! You should only cite information from a web page if it is the primary source for the said information. Do not cite a web page on information which is available somewhere else, e.g. in a journal article or a book. 

Some web pages will have a group author, e.g. organization, company or authority, instead of a personal author. If the group author is the same as the site name, omit the site name from the reference. For web pages where the content is designed to change over time and the page itself is not archived, you conclude the reference with information on the retrieval date in addition to the URL in the format “Retrieved Month DD, YYYY, from http://xxxx”. 

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including 

Template for how to format references to web pages in the reference list

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (YYYY, Month DD). Title of work. Site Name. URL

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (n.d.). Title of work. Site Name. Retrieved Month DD, YYYY, from URL

Examples of in-text references to web pages

Parenthetical citation Narrative citation
(Mellgren, 2019) Mellgren (2019) reported on SVT Nyheter...
(Ministry of the Environment, 2019) On their website, the Ministry of the Environment (2019) has released news about...
(Mwai, 2019) In an newspaper article on BBC News by Mwai (2019)...
(Swedish Biodiversity Centre, n.d.) The Swedish Biodiversity Centre (n.d.) has launched a new research project according to their website...
(Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 2019) Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (2019) write on their website...

Examples of references to web pages in the reference list

Mellgren, J. (2019, December 10). ”Inget vanligt vulkanutbrott” [No ordinary volcanic eruption]. SVT Nyheter.

Ministry of the Environment. (2019, December 17). A coherent policy for the climate. Government Offices of Sweden.

Mwai, P. (2019, December 20). Did Ethiopia plant four billion trees this year? BBC News.

Swedish Biodiversity Centre. (n.d.). Current research projects. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Retrieved December 20, 2019, from

Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. (2019, 12 December). Sweden’s climate act and climate policy framework.