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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, please note that the text will open below the menu.

Reproducing visual works that are part of a larger work

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When reproducing visual work (e.g. artwork, photographs, figures, tables or maps) from another source, a copyright attribution is used in stead of an in-text reference. This copyright attribution is placed at the end of the general note below the figure or table, and any in-text references only need to refer to the figure/table in question (e.g. "Figure 1", "Table 1" etc.). A full reference to the source is also given in the reference list (see separate instructions for the different source types). 

NB! Please remember that visual works are protected by copyright law, which means that a permission from the copyright holder is needed in addition to the copyright attribution and reference.

The instructions in this section concern reprints of visual works that are part of a larger work such as figures (illustrations or graphs). For visual works that are part of a larger work, e.g. an article, book, report or web page, you refer to the larger work in both the copyright attribution and in the reference list. The reference to the specific visual work is given only in the form of the page number on which it occurs, as part of the copyright attribution. If a DOI has been assigned to the larger work, include this number in the reference. If no DOI has been assigned and the larger work was accessed online from a non-database website, use the URL of the web page from which it was retrieved. If the larger work was accessed in print or retrieved from an academic database, no URL is included.

The copyright attribution should contain information about the copyright status, that is who the copyright holder is and what year the work was copyrighted using the template "Copyright YYYY by Name of Copyright holder". The copyright attribution should also include a permission statement. If permission to reprint/adapt the work has been sought and obtained, provide the permission statement at the end of the copyright attribution either in the format "Reprinted with permission", "Adapted with permission" or according to specific requirements of the copyright holder. If the copyright has expired and the work is in the public domain, you state "In the public domain". If the work is available open access under a Creative Commons license, you should state the name of the license (e.g. CC BY-SA 4.0) and provide a link to the Creative Commons web page with information about the license (se example below). The Creative Commons license option that the copyright holder has selected will determine what you are allowed to do with the work (e.g. if you are allowed to modify the work or not), so make sure you read the terms of the license in question.

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including 

Template for the format and placement of the text of figures and tables

Figure/Table #

Table/figure heading

[The table/figure itself]

Note. General note including description and copyright attribution.

Template for how to format notes with copyright attributions when reproducing visual works that are part of a larger work

Journal articles

Note. Description of figure/table. From/Adapted from "Title of Article", by A. A. Author and B. B. Author, YYYY, Title of JournalVolume(issue), p. # (DOI or URL). Copyright status. Permission statement.

Books

Note. Description of figure/table. From/Adapted from Title of Book/Report (#th ed., Vol. #, p. #), by A. A. Author and B. B. Author, YYYY, Publisher (DOI or URL). Copyright status. Permission statement.

Book chapters

Note. Description of figure/table. From/Adapted from "Title of chapter", by A. A. Author and B. B. Author, in C. C. Editor and D. D. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (#th ed., Vol. #, p. #), YYYY, Publisher (DOI or URL). Copyright status. Permission statement.

Web pages

Note. Description of figure/table. From/Adapted from Title of Webpage, by A. A. Author and B. B. Author, YYYY, Site Name (DOI or URL). Copyright status. Permission statement.

Examples of notes with copyright attributions when reproducing visual works that are part of a larger work

Journal articles

Note. Photomicrograph of aromatase expression in astrocytes around the site of brain injury in the zebra finch. Adapted from "Reciprocal interactions between prostaglandin E2-and estradiol-dependent signaling pathways in the injured zebra finch brain", by Al. L. Pedersen and C. J. Saldanha, 2017, Journal of Neuroinflammation, 14, p. 6 (https://doi.org/10.1186/s12974-017-1040-1). Copyright 2017 by Pedersen and Saldanha. CC BY 4.0. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

Books

Note. Sonograms of typical male redwing songs in different regions of the USA. From The red-winged blackbird: The biology of a strongly polygenous songbird (p. 88), by L. Beletsky, 1996, Academic Press. Copyright 1996 by Academic Press. Reprinted with permission.

Book chapters

Note. Dorsum of female Arctacarus rostratus. Adapted from "Order Mesostigmata", by E. E. Lindquist, G. W. Krantz and D. E. Walter, in G. W. Krantz and D. E. Walter (Eds.), A manual of acarology (3rd ed., p. 203), 2009, Texas Tech University Press. Copyright 2009 by Texas Tech University Press. Reprinted with permission.

Web pages

Note. Sweden's net greenhouse gas emissions 1990-2018 and the milestone targets for the years 2020, 2030, 204 and 2045. From Sweden’s climate act and climate policy framework, by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 2019 (http://www.swedishepa.se/Environmental-objectives-and-cooperation/Swedish-environmental-work/Work-areas/Climate/Climate-Act-and-Climate-policy-framework-/). Copyright 2019 by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. Reprinted with permission.