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Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, the text will open below the menu.


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The instructions in this section concern references to maps. When citing a map which is parts of a larger work, the reference information on the specific part of the work cited is given in the in-text citation only (see instructions under Citing part of a work). If the work has been accessed online, include the URL of the website. When citing dynamically created maps (e.g. Google maps) that change over time, you include a retrieval date in the reference in addition to the URL in the format “Retrieved Month DD, YYYY, from http://xxxx”. 

NB! Use this format to cite visual works, but not to reproduce them. To reproduce visual works, permission and/or a copyright attribution may be necessary in addition to the reference (see section Reproducing visual works). 

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including 

Template for how to format references to maps in the reference list

Creator, A. A. (YYYY, Month DD). Title of work [Description]. Publisher. URL

Examples of in-text references to maps

Parenthetical citation Narrative citation
(Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, 2014) According to a map of soil types by Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning (2014)...
(Naturvårdsverket, 2005-present) The map of protected areas by Naturvårdsverket (2005-present)...

Examples of references to maps in the reference list

Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning. (2014, February 5). Jordarter 1:25 000 - 1:100 000 vektor [Soil types 1:25 000 - 1:100 000 vector] [Map].​

Naturvårdsverket. (2005-present). Skyddade områden, naturreservat [Protected areas, nature reserves] [Map]. Retrieved January 14, 2020 from