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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, please note that the text will open below the menu.



The instructions on this page concern references to patents from all different patent issuers. 

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including how to write in-text references and construct a reference list, the number of authors to be included, how to write references to two or more works within the same parenthesis, what to do if you have several references with the same author and publication date, how you cite specific parts of works, how to handle incomplete reference information (e.g. missing author information or no publication date), and when/how to use acronyms.


Inventor, A. A. (YYYY). Title of patent (Patent #). Patent issuer. 


In-text references  

(Nodine, 2019)

(Andersson et al., 2018)                                                    

Nodine (2019) describe...

The method of analysis developed by Andersson et al. (2018)...

Reference list

Andersson, M., Hulander, M., & Sundell, G. (2018). A method for analyzing the 3d structure of biomolecules (Patent SE 540570). Swedish Patent and Registration Office.

Nodine, M. D. (2019). Novel spike-in oligonucleotides for normalization of sequence data (Patent EP 3354746). European Patent Office.