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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, the text will open below the menu.

Template for how to format references to patents in the reference list

Inventor, A. A., Inventor, B. B., & Inventor, C. C. (YYYY). Title of patent (Patent #). Patent issuer. URL

Examples of in-text references to patents

Parenthetical citation Narrative citation
(Nodine, 2019) ...using a method pantented by Nodine (2019).
(Andersson et al., 2018) The method of analysis developed and patented by Andersson et al. (2018)...

Examples of references to patents in the reference list

Andersson, M., Hulander, M., & Sundell, G. (2018). A method for analyzing the 3d structure of biomolecules (Patent SE 540570). Swedish Patent and Registration Office.

Nodine, M. D. (2019). Novel spike-in oligonucleotides for normalization of sequence data (Patent EP 3354746). European Patent Office.