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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, the text will open below the menu.

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If a work has been accepted for publication but has not yet been published state “in press”. If the work is published but there is no information about year of publication available state “n.d.”.

Examples of in-text references

Parenthetical citation Narrative citation
(Knight et al., in press)  A recent study by Knight et al. (in press)...
(Swedish Biodiversity Centre, n.d.)  Swedish Biodiversity Centre (n.d.) has launched a new research project...

Examples of references in the reference list

Maher C. T., Nelson C. R., & Larson A. J. (in press). Winter damage is more important than summer temperature for maintaining the krummholz growth form above alpine treeline. Journal of Ecology.

Swedish Biodiversity Centre. (n.d.). Current research projects. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Retrieved December 20, 2019, from