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Lund University

Writing and sources

A guide on writing and the use of sources intended for students at the department of Biologi and CEC.

Maps and geodata

Available through Lund University

A national agreement gives students, teachers and researchers access to licensed geodata from a number of Swedish agencies such as the Swedish Surveying and Cadastral Agency (Lantmäteriet), Sweden Geological Survey (Sveriges geologiska undersökning, SGU), Statistics Sweden (Statistiska centralbyrån, SCB) and the Swedish Maritime Administration (Sjöfartsverket). The agreement covers utilization of data for non-commercial research and/or formal education at Lund University. You can learn more about this service, and how to get access, on the webpage Geodata available for Lund university.

Aerial photographs over Skåne from the 1940’s can be downloaded for free from the Lund University webpage Skåne from above - Aerial photographs from the 1940’s. Each photograph covers an area of 5 x 5 km and have a resolution of 1 meter per pixel. These aerial photographs provide a historical dataset, which can be used to detect landscape changes when compared with newer photograph.

The Swedish Surveying and Cadastral Agency (Lantmäteriet)

The Swedish Surveying and Cadastral Agency (Lantmäteriet) is a Swedish authority belonging to the Ministry of Finance, commissioned with providing the society with maps, images and other fundamental geographic information. 

The Swedish Surveying and Cadastral Agency offers some of their data open access. You can find more information about, and get access to, this data on the Swedish Surveying and Cadastral Agency’s webpage Open geodata. This data is available under a Creative Commons license (CC0), giving you the right to use, modify and spread the data without restrictions. As mentioned above, there is also a national agreement that gives students, teachers and researchers at Lund university access to licensed geodata which would otherwise not be open.

Through the Swedish Surveying and Cadastral Agency’s digital archive Historical maps, you can get access to over a million historical maps dating as far back as 1628. These maps provide a historical dataset, making it possible to detect landscape changes when compared with modern maps. You can look at, download and print the maps for free through the web service. Maps older than 70 years are not protected by copyright and can be used without restrictions. However, the Swedish Surveying and Cadastral Agency ask you to give them as a source when publishing or distributing the historical maps.

The Baltic Sea Bathymetry Database

The Baltic Sea Bathymetry Database contains data about the water depth (bathymetry) for the Baltic Sea. Bathymetry data can be used for maritime and environmental planning as well as scientific research, for example in climate modelling, geological research, wind craft planning and habitat mapping. The database offers complete, homogeneous and up-to-date bathymetry data from official sources, i.e. all Baltic Sea national hydrographic offices under the umbrella of the Baltic Sea Hydrographic Commission.