Established by the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights which came into force on 21 October 1986 after its adoption in Nairobi (Kenya) in 1981 by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity (OAU.), the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights is charged with ensuring the promotion and protection of Human and Peoples' Rights throughout the African Continent. The Commission has its headquarters in Banjul, The Gambia.
The African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights is the most recent of the three regional human rights judicial bodies. Envisioned by the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights concluded in 1981, its structure was not planned until the Organization of African Unity (OAU) promulgated a protocol for its creation in 1998. The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights Establishing the ACHPR entered into force on January 25, 2004 upon its ratification by fifteen members.
The East African Court of Justice (the Court), is one of the organs of the East African Community established under Article 9 of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community. The Court’s major responsibility is to ensure the adherence to law in the interpretation and application of and compliance with the EAC Treaty. Arusha is the temporary seat of the Court until the Summit determines its permanent seat. The High Courts of the Partner States serve as sub-registries.