There are nine core international human rights treaties. Each of these treaties has established a committee of experts to monitor implementation of the treaty provisions by its States parties.
Some of the treaties are supplemented by optional protocols dealing with specific concerns.
|ICESCR - OP||Optional Protocol of the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights|
|ICCPR-OP1||Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights||
16 Dec 1966
|ICCPR-OP2||Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty||
15 Dec 1989
|OP-CEDAW||Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women||
10 Dec 1999
|OP-CRC-AC||Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict||
25 May 2000
|OP-CRC-SC||Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography||
25 May 2000
|OP-CAT||Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment||
18 Dec 2002
|OP-CRPD||Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities||
12 Dec 2006
Official Document Search
The Official Document System of the UN is a massive database of UN documents. It includes:
1. Official UN Documents from 1993 onwards (with older documents being added gradually). The documents include:
Documents relating UN meetings
Documents from commissions
Resolutions of the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council and Trusteeship Council from 1946 onwards
A good introduction: Research Guide http://research.un.org/en/docs/symbols
2. UN Sales Publications, Treaties and Press Releases are not included in the database. To find UN Sales Publications use UNBISNET. To find Treaties use the UN Treaties database
3. Task: Open ODS Official Document Search (ODS) https://documents.un.org/prod/ods.nsf/home.xsp
Find S/RES/2438 (2018)
What is the Resolution about and what countries are addressed?
Recalling-what does that means?
4. Find: A/RES/74/9
What is the resolution about?
Look for the voting result https://digitallibrary.un.org/search?ln=en&cc=Voting+Data
How did the states vote? How many yes and how many no?
Human Rights - The system for Human Rights protection
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
All Human Rights Bodies
Charter Based Body Database
Treaty Bodies https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/Pages/Overview.aspx
Status of Ratifications
In addition to the International Bill of Rights and the core human rights treaties, there are many other universal instruments relating to human rights. A non-exhaustive selection is listed below. The legal status of these instruments varies: declarations, principles, guidelines, standard rules and recommendations have no binding legal effect, but such instruments have an undeniable moral force and provide practical guidance to States in their conduct; covenants, statutes, protocols and conventions are legally-binding for those States that ratify or accede to them.
World Conference on Human Rights and Millennium Assembly
The Right of Self-Determination
Rights of Indigenous Peoples and Minorities
Prevention of Discrimination
Rights of Women
Rights of the Child
Rights of Older Persons
Rights of Persons with Disabilties
Human Rights in the Administration of Justice: Protection of Persons Subjected to Detention or Imprisonment
Social Welfare, Progress and Development
Promotion and Protection of Human Rights
Right to Health
Right to Work and to Fair Conditions of Employment
Freedom of Association
Slavery, Slavery-Like Practices and Forced Labour
Rights of Migrants
Nationality, Statelessness, Asylum and Refugees
War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity, Including Genocide