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Reference management

A Libguide on how to use software tools for reference management

What is APA?

American Psychological Association (APA) style is a reference style created by the the American Psychological Association, and a style guide that offers information on various aspects important to a writer how wants to submit a paper according to the APA-style. 

The APA guidelines are published in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and in many guides on the internet, see a selection below. The APA style is used by many journals, researchers and students within the social and behavioral sciences.

Example of APA reference style:

Example text:

This text (Monbiot, 2011) is the beginning of something new (Walters, 2007; Öquist & Benner, 2012, p. 5-8 ). So that’s it (De Bellis, 2009, p. 4; Webber & Johnston, 2006).




De Bellis, N. (2009). Bibliometrics and citation analysis : from the Science citation index to cybermetrics. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.

Monbiot, G. (2011). The Lairds of Learning. Retrieved November 9, 2011, from http://www.monbiot.com/2011/08/29/the-lairds-of-learning/

Walters, W. (2007). Google Scholar coverage of a multidisciplinary field. Information Processing & Management, 43(4), 1121-1132. doi: 10.1016/j.ipm.2006.08.006

Webber, S., & Johnston, B. (2006). Working towards the information literate university. In G. Walton & A. Pope (Eds.), Information literacy: recognising the need (pp. 47-58). Oxford: Chandos.

Öquist, G., & Benner, M. (2012). Fostering breakthrough research: A comparative study. In F. All (Ed.), Akademirapport (pp. 122): Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien.


(This Bibliography is created in EndNote by using the output style APA 6th)

APA Guide, by Sambib LU (in Swedish)

APA: Guides online