Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Lund University

Reference management: Oxford/Chicago/Footnote style

A Libguide on how to use software tools for reference management

What is Oxford/Chicago/Footnote style?

There are many reference styles that uses footnotes or number refering back to the bibliography, such as Oxford and Chicago.

Example of Oxford / Chicago/ Footnote reference style:

Example text:

This text[1] is the beginning of something new[2] [3]. So that’s it [4] [5].





[1] (Monbiot 2011)

[2] (Öquist and Benner 2012, p. 4-8)

[3] (Walters 2007)

[4] (De Bellis 2009)

[5] (Webber and Johnston 2006)




De Bellis, Nicola. 2009. Bibliometrics and citation analysis : from the Science citation index to cybermetrics. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.

Monbiot, George. 2011. The Lairds of Learning, 110829 2011 [cited 111109 2011]. Available from

Walters, W. 2007. "Google Scholar coverage of a multidisciplinary field." Information Processing & Management no. 43 (4):1121-1132. doi: 10.1016/j.ipm.2006.08.006.

Webber, S , and B  Johnston. 2006. "Working towards the information literate university." In Information literacy: recognising the need, edited by G Walton and A Pope, 47-58. Oxford: Chandos.

Öquist, Gunnar, and Mats Benner. 2012. Fostering breakthrough research: A comparative study. In Akademirapport, edited by Fredrik All: Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien.


(This Bibliography is created in EndNote by using the output style Chicago 16th B)