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Reference management: APA

A Libguide on how to use software tools for reference management


What is APA?

American Psychological Association (APA) style is a reference style created by the the American Psychological Association, and a style guide that offers information on various aspects important to a writer how wants to submit a paper according to the APA-style. 

The APA guidelines are published in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and in many guides on the internet, see a selection below. The APA style is used by many journals, researchers and students within the social and behavioral sciences.

APA Guides, by Sambib LU (in Swedish)

Example of APA reference style:

Example text:

This text (Monbiot, 2011) is the beginning of something new (Walters, 2007; Öquist & Benner, 2012, p. 5-8 ). So that’s it (De Bellis, 2009, p. 4; Webber & Johnston, 2006).




De Bellis, N. (2009). Bibliometrics and citation analysis : from the Science citation index to cybermetrics. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.

Monbiot, G. (2011). The Lairds of Learning. Retrieved November 9, 2011, from http://www.monbiot.com/2011/08/29/the-lairds-of-learning/

Walters, W. (2007). Google Scholar coverage of a multidisciplinary field. Information Processing & Management, 43(4), 1121-1132. doi: 10.1016/j.ipm.2006.08.006

Webber, S., & Johnston, B. (2006). Working towards the information literate university. In G. Walton & A. Pope (Eds.), Information literacy: recognising the need (pp. 47-58). Oxford: Chandos.

Öquist, G., & Benner, M. (2012). Fostering breakthrough research: A comparative study. In F. All (Ed.), Akademirapport (pp. 122): Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien.


(This Bibliography is created in EndNote by using the output style APA 6th)