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Lund University

Reference Management - LTH


There are several reasons why you must refer to your sources. The reader must be able to clearly determine what ideas are yours and what has been retrieved from other authors. The reader must also be able to access the original sources in order to review the work. The sources are to be stated in a reference list or bibliography. There are several different established styles that can be applied when referring to sources and writing references. Some of the most used styles are Harvard, MLA, APA, and IEEE. Learn about different reference styles in the next tab. Consult your supervisor or department which reference style applies to your subject. 

You need to cite other's words or ideas whenever you use them in your paper (i.e. direct quotes, summaries). This may include:

  • journal articles, newspaper articles or magazine articles
  • books or book chapters
  • web sites and web pages
  • encyclopedias
  • government documents
  • emails, interviews or speeches
  • all ideas or words in any format that are not your own

AWELU - Academic Writing in English, Sources and Referencing

How to use references

Why References