Skip to Main Content
Lund University

Search, evaluate, write and cite

Support for students at the Faculty of Medicine.

New guide - Search, evaluate, cite

This guide will no longer be updated. It has been replaced by our new guide:

  • Search, evaluate, cite - Guide to searching, evaluating and citing. Medical Faculty Library, Lund University.



Academic Writing

During your studies you will conduct several written assignments, papers and theses. Characteristics
academic writing include a formal tone, use of the third-person rather than first-person perspective
a clear focus on the research problem, and precise word choice. You should also cite and refer to
sources correctly.
When writing, you should find your own academic style, your own voice, and

structure your scientific text according to accepted standards.


Library and ICT also provide lectures to support those who write their thesis.
Contact your teacher for more information.
Image of a stack of books

The Academic Support Centre

The Academic Support Centre provide individual and group consultations (including feedback on texts), workshops and seminars on:

  1. Academic texts and the writing process – for ex. pre-writing, drafting and argument-building, avoiding plagiarism
  2. Reading and study skills – time management, prioritising and reading strategies

Writing tips

Here you will find the university's online resource about
academic writing in English
platform provides information including the writing
process, grammar, templates and academic integrity.

University of Manchester provides a resource
where you can get help to get variety in your writing.
Here you will find examples of phrases that you can get
inspired by
, borrow, or customize to your own academic
text. Please don't use phrases that you feel uncertain
about, as they may mean something different than you

Merriam-Webster offers a free online dictionary.
We also have the Merriam-Webster's medical
dictionary as a text book in the library.

The support you in your academic writing. Here you will find practical advice on the writing process, how to manage sources and references and more. 

Image of someone typing on a keyboard



Anyone who has created a piece of work, such as text, picture or music, is called the originator. Copyright gives the originator the right to decide how to use and spread their works. The university has an agreement with Bonus Copyright Access that allows you to use digital and printed copyrighted material for your studies without requiring permission.

In Sweden you don't need to use the copyright symbol © to show that a piece of work is under protection. A work is automatically protected by copyright when a work that qualifies for protection is created. The copyright symbol rather serves as a reminder that copyright protection exists for the work.

Images in the thesis - What am I allowed to use?

Your own pictures
You have the copyright to the images, tables, photographs or figures that you create in your thesis.You decide how the images may be used and by whom. Are you several who write the thesis you have shared copyright.

Others pictures
 If you want to use someone else's pictures, figures or tables in your thesis, you need to ask for the originator's permission. It is not allowed to do changes on other people's pictures, tables or figures, for example, by translating text into them if you do not have the author's permission to do so. If the image is in a book or article, it is possible to contact the publisher who usually has the copyright. You can contact us at the library for help with this.

Find images you may use

Creative Commons (CC) is an ideal organization that offers creators, researchers and other creators of artistic works, texts, images, sounds to facilitate those who want to share their works. Images and other Creative Commons licensed material are still copyrighted, but may be used and distributed with different predefined restrictions.

Present the thesis

When presenting your thesis orally for a smaller group, it is considered as an educational context. In this context, you can view images that others made as long as you specify who is the source of the image. For example, have you made powerpoint images and want to include someone else's image, figure or table, it is possible. If you make a poster, you can also use the pictures in this way.


Cite correctly - Avoid plagiarism

When writing a thesis, it is important to clearly state whether you are writing something that you have found from another text. It must be stated if your own thoughts and formulations or someone else's, and if so, where you have found it. It's about academic integrity. If you do not refer to your sources (whether it concerns text or images) you commit plagiarism, which may lead to suspension from the university. The Faculty of Medicine uses the Urkund program to check that plagiarism has not taken place. See more about Plagiarism and Citing in this guide under Cite.

Videos about academic writing

Lund University MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) consists of a number of short videos that go through all the steps in academic writing.

They cover different aspects of academic writing, such as how to structure your text and how to convey your argument, as well as how to use sources and how to edit your text. There are also lessons which is about why and how you cites.

Videos about academic writing

Video - Introduction to academic writing

Learning support

To facilitate your writing, the speech synthesizer TorTalk and the spell program SpellRight are available at the computers at the Faculty of Medicine.

If you have a disability, for example dyslexia, a visual impairment or ADHD, you may receive support during your studies. You can apply for the form of learning support that is more appropriate for you. Contact the Accessibility Officer for a decision.

If it has been decided that you will receive learning support, you can contact Krister Aronsson to book a meeting. The Medical Faculty’s library offers various types of reading support and during the meeting you will discuss your needs based on the decision to provide learning support.


Image Ask the faculty library

Image Book a librarian