Information literacy is a concept derived from the library and information science field of research. There are several definitions of the concept, in an academic context it can be defined as "the search, appraisal, and use of information" or:
Information literacy is the set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information, the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning. (Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education ACRL, 2016)
Dawes, L. (2019). Through Faculty's Eyes: Teaching Threshold Concepts and the Framework. portal: Libraries and the Academy, 19(1): 127-153.
Dawes, L. (2019). Faculty perceptions of teaching information literacy to first-year students: A phenomenographic study, Journal of Librarianship & Information Science, 51(2): 545-560. DOI: 1177/0961000617726129.