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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, please note that the text will open below the menu.

Stand-alone works

Stand-alone works

The instructions in this section concern reprints of stand-alone visual works such as artwork, photographs and maps. For stand-alone visual works, you refer to the original visual art work itself in both the copyright attribution and in the reference list. The copyright attribution is written according to the instructions in this section. If you accessed the source online, include the URL of the website from which it was retrieved. 

When reproducing visual work (e.g. artwork, photographs, figures, tables or maps) from another source, a copyright attribution is used in stead of an in-text reference. This copyright attribution is placed at the end of the general note below the figure or table, and any in-text references only need to refer to the figure/table in question (e.g. "Figure 1", "Table 1" etc.). A full reference to the source is also given in the reference list (see separate instructions for the different source types). Please remember that visual works are protected by copyright law, which means that a permission from the copyright holder is needed in addition to the copyright attribution and reference!

Text for figures and tables should be placed and formatted as follows: 

Figure/Table #

Table/figure heading

[The table/figure itself]

Note. General note including description and copyright attribution.

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including how to write in-text references and construct a reference list, the number of authors to be included, how to write references to two or more works within the same parenthesis, what to do if you have several references with the same author and publication date, how you cite specific parts of works, how to handle incomplete reference information (e.g. missing author information or no publication date), and when/how to use acronyms.

From/Adapted from Title of work, by A. A. Creator, YYYY, Publisher (URL). Copyright status. Permission statement.


Examples of notes with copyright attributions

Note. Hand colored engraving of Papaver rhoeas from the 18th century. From Red poppy, by E. Blackwell, 1739, Lund University Library ( In the public domain.

Note. The study site is situated on sandy glaciofluvial deposits. Adapted from Jordarter 1:25 000 - 1:100 000 [Soil types 1:25 000 - 1:100 000]by Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, 2014 ( Copyright 2014 by SGU. Reprinted with permission. 

Note. The beach at Sea Ranch, California, is home to a number of seal species. From Seals, by I. McKellar, 2008,  Flickr ( CC BY-SA 2.0. (

Note. From Wild boar (Sus scrofa) with piglets digging up food in the soil with its snout in autumn forest in the Belgian Ardennes, Belgium, by J. De Meester, 2018, Britannica Image Quest ( Copyright 2018 by Arterra/Johan De Meester. Reprinted with permission.