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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, please note that the text will open below the menu.

Part of larger work

Part of larger work

The instructions in this section concern reprints of visual works that are part of a larger work such as figures (illustrations or graphs). For visual works that are part of a larger work, e.g. an article, book, report or webpage, you refer to the larger work in both the copyright attribution and in the reference list. The reference to the specific visual work is given only in the form of the page number on which it occurs, as part of the copyright attribution. 

If a DOI has been assigned to the larger work, include this number in the reference. If no DOI has been assigned and the larger work was accessed online from a nondatabase website, use the URL of the webpage from which it was retrieved. If the larger work was accessed in print or retrieved from an academic database, no URL is included.

When reproducing visual work (e.g. artwork, photographs, figures, tables or maps) from another source, a copyright attribution is used in stead of an in-text reference. This copyright attribution is placed at the end of the general note below the figure or table, and any in-text references only need to refer to the figure/table in question (e.g. "Figure 1", "Table 1" etc.). A full reference to the source is also given in the reference list (see separate instructions for the different source types). Please remember that visual works are protected by copyright law, which means that a permission from the copyright holder is needed in addition to the copyright attribution and reference!

Text for figures and tables should be placed and formatted as follows: 

Figure/Table #

Table/figure heading

[The table/figure itself]

Note. General note including description and copyright attribution.

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including how to write in-text references and construct a reference list, the number of authors to be included, how to write references to two or more works within the same parenthesis, what to do if you have several references with the same author and publication date, how you cite specific parts of works, how to handle incomplete reference information (e.g. missing author information or no publication date), and when/how to use acronyms.

Journal article From/Adapted from "Title of Article", by A. A. Author and B. B. Author, YYYYTitle of Journal, Volume(issue), p. # (DOI or URL). Copyright status. Permission statement.
Book/Report From/Adapted from Title of Book/Report (#th ed., Vol. #, p. #), by A. A. Author and B. B. Author, YYYY, Publisher (DOI or URL). Copyright status. Permission statement.
Book chapter From/Adapted from "Title of chapter", by A. A. Author and B. B. Author, in C. C. Editor and D. D. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (#th ed., Vol. #, p. #), YYYY, Publisher (DOI or URL). Copyright status. Permission statement.
Webpage/Website From/Adapted from Title of Webpage, by A. A. Author and B. B. Author, YYYY, Site Name (DOI or URL). Copyright status. Permission statement.


Examples of notes with copyright attributions
Journal article Note. Photomicrograph of aromatase expression in astrocytes around the site of brain injury in the zebra finch. Adapted from "Reciprocal interactions between prostaglandin E2-and estradiol-dependent signaling pathways in the injured zebra finch brain", by Al. L. Pedersen and C. J. Saldanha, 2017, Journal of Neuroinflammation, 14, p. 6 ( Copyright 2017 by Pedersen and Saldanha. CC BY 4.0.
Book Note. Sonograms of typical male redwing songs in different regions of the USA. From The red-winged blackbird: The biology of a strongly polygenous songbird (p. 88), by L. Beletsky1996Academic PressCopyright 1996 by Academic PressReprinted with permission.
Book chapter Note. Dorsum of female Arctacarus rostratus. Adapted from "Order Mesostigmata", by E. E. LindquistG. W. Krantz and D. E. Walter, in G. W. Krantz and D. E. Walter (Eds.)A manual of acarology (3rd ed., p. 203), 2009, Texas Tech University PressCopyright 2009 by Texas Tech University PressReprinted with permission.
Webpage/Website Note. Sweden's net greenhouse gas emissions 1990-2018 and the milestone targets for the years 2020, 2030, 204 and 2045From Sweden’s climate act and climate policy framework, by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency2019 ( Copyright 2019 by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. Reprinted with permission.