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Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, please note that the text will open below the menu.

EU legislation

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NB! The APA (7th edition) manual does not contain any specific instructions on how to refer laws and regulations outside of the United States. The recommendation is instead to format the references according to guidelines in each country. The instructions under this section are therefore our interpretation of how to apply APA (7th edition) to refer to EU legislation. 

The European Union publishes primary legislation and secondary legislation, such as directives, policies and regulations. If you accessed the legislation online, include the URL of the website from which it was retrieved in the reference.

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including 

Template for how to format references to EU legislation in the reference list

Legislation type and Number of Legislation. Title of publication. European Union, Name of the EU agency. URL

Examples of in-text references to EU legislation

Parenthetical citation Narrative citation
(The reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment, Directive 2019/904)  In the EU directive The reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment (Directive 2019/904)... 
(The prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species, Regulation 1143/2014) According article 13 paragraph 1 in The prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species (Regulation 1143/2014)...

Examples of references to EU legislation in the reference list

Directive 2019/904. The reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment. European Parliament, Council of the European Union. http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/2019/904/oj

Regulation 1143/2014. The prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species. European Parliament, Council of the European Union. http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2014/1143/oj