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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, please note that the text will open below the menu.

Published online

Published online

The instructions on this page concern references to doctoral dissertations that have been published online. For dissertations published online, the name of the institution awarding the degree appear in square brackets after the title and the name of the database or archive where the dissertation is made available is given as the source together with the URL.

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including how to write in-text references and construct a reference list, the number of authors to be included, how to write references to two or more works within the same parenthesis, what to do if you have several references with the same author and publication date, how you cite specific parts of works, how to handle incomplete reference information (e.g. missing author information or no publication date), and when/how to use acronyms.

Author, A. A. (YYYY). Title of dissertation [Doctoral dissertation, Name of institution awarding the degree]. Database name. URL


In-text references  

(Ady, 2017)

(Rivera, 2016)

Ady (2017) studied...

The challenges identified by Rivera (2016)...

Reference list

Ady, J. C. (2017). Framing youth citizen science for education, youth development, and public land conservation [Doctoral dissertation, Prescott College]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Open.

Rivera, C. (2016). Disaster risk management and climate change adaptation in urban contexts: Integration and challenges [Doctoral dissertation, Lund University]. Lund University Publications.