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Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition intended for students at the department of Biology and CEC, Lund University. NB! If you access the guide using a smartphone, please note that the text will open below the menu.

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Print only

The instructions on this page concern references to doctoral dissertations that have not been published online. When a dissertation is available in print only, the name of the institution awarding the degree is given as the source.

Do not forget to consult the general instructions on how to write references according to APA (7th edition), including how to write in-text references and construct a reference list, the number of authors to be included, how to write references to two or more works within the same parenthesis, what to do if you have several references with the same author and publication date, how you cite specific parts of works, how to handle incomplete reference information (e.g. missing author information or no publication date), and when/how to use acronyms.

Author, A. A. (YYYY). Title of dissertation [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Name of institution awarding the degree.


In-text reference  
(Lönn, 1994) Lönn (1994) found that...
Reference list
Lönn, M. (1994). Genetic variation in plant populations and its relation to environmental and population parameters [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Uppsala University.