Information literacy is a term used within the research area of library and information science and in some cases within higher education. There are numerous definitions of the concept, in an academic context one might use a very fundamental definition such as "the search, appraisal, and use of information" or one might elaborate:
Information literacy is the set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information, the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning. (Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education ACRL, 2016)
Dawes, L. (2019). Through Faculty's Eyes: Teaching Threshold Concepts and the Framework. portal: Libraries and the Academy, 19(1): 127-153.
Dawes, L. (2019). Faculty perceptions of teaching information literacy to first-year students: A phenomenographic study, Journal of Librarianship & Information Science, 51(2): 545-560. DOI: 1177/0961000617726129.