Skip to main content
Lund University

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

A guide intended for students at the departments of Biology and Environmental Science at Lund University on how to format references according to the APA style.

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Reference guide for APA 7th edition

Citations can be written in many ways, and the choice of style will depend on the context. The reference style used at the departments of Biology and Environmental Science at Lund University is APA (7th edition), a version of the Harvard style developed by the American Psychological Association. The APA style is an author/date system, where the in-text citations consist of author(s) and year of publication, and the references in the reference list are arranged in alphabetic order.

This guide provides instructions on how to write references to various types of works formatted according to the APA (7th edition) style, including practical examples. The guide contains the most common types of sources encountered in Science, and it is not comprehensive. If the specific information you are looking for is missing or if you need further guidance, consult your librarian or the official publication manual of the American Psychological Association which is available in the Biology library.

If you have any comments or questions concerning this guide, please contact Anja Ödman (anja.odman@biol.lu.se), librarian at the Biology library.